Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America. It is 34 kilometres (21 miles) in length and up to 23 km (14 mi) in width, covering an area of 432 km2 (167 sq. mi). It is situated in the western area of the North Atlantic and 100 km (62 mi) east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea; therein, Barbados is east of the Windward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 13°N of the equator. Where it is about 168 km (104 mi) east of both the countries of Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and 400 km (250 mi) north-east of Trinidad and Tobago. Barbados is outside the principal Atlantic hurricane belt. Its capital and largest city is Bridgetown.
Barbados is the 3rd oldest Parliamentary democracy in the world. It is the 16th most densely populated country. The name 'Barbados' is derived from the Bearded Fig Trees which are more abundant on the island. Barbados is a nation praised by all the visitors who highlight the friendliness of the Barbadians. It is the only coral island among the regions with complete white sand beaches. Barbados was the first Caribbean island to have piped water. It also has pure drinking water. Barbados is a famous tourist destination with around 500,000 visitors per year. Barbados is the most developed Caribbean island country, and is also in the top 5 most developed countries. Barbados’s free education system has given rise to a literacy rate.